Topic: Securities regulatory decisions

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Cease Trade and Freezing Orders to Stop a Pump and Dump Scheme Autorité des marchés financiers c. Kamaneh, 2022 QCTMF 18

The facts of this case are simple. The Quebec securities regulator, the Autorité des marchés financiers (AMF), alleged that between March 2021 and January 2022, Ramy Kamaneh and Mohamed Kada Mesli : participated in a market manipulation / pump and dump scheme targeting the securities of the companies Majic Wheels, ICOA and All American Pet … Continue reading

Application of Section 4.3 of the SPPA in Matters Before OSC Hearing Panels

In Canada Cannabis Corporation (Re), 2022 ONSEC 9 the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) was called upon to decide whether section 4.3 of the Statutory Powers Procedure Act (SPPA) operated to extend the term of office of a Commissioner (the Commissioner) until completion of a motion by a respondent in an OSC enforcement proceeding and an … Continue reading

Kennedy v. Akumin Inc. et al, 2022 ONSC 2571: The New Framework for Carriage Fights in Ontario

The decision of Kennedy v Akumin Inc. et al, 2022 ONSC 2571 resolves a carriage motion pursuant to section 13.1 of the amended Ontario Class Proceedings Act, 1992 (CPA), involving competing class actions (the “Kennedy action” and the “Longair action”) each of which asserted a statutory secondary market misrepresentation cause of action pursuant to the … Continue reading

Solar Income Fund Inc. (Re), 2022 ONSEC 2:  Determining when a “Trading and Advising Relationship” Exists

In Solar Income Fund Inc. (Re), 2022 ONSEC 2 (the Solar Decision)[1] an OSC Hearing Panel considered, among other things, section 44(2) of Ontario’s Securities Act (the Act),[2] which prohibits false or misleading representations that a reasonable investor would consider relevant in deciding whether to enter into or maintain a trading or advising relationship with … Continue reading

A Cautionary Tale: A Flawed Cease Trade Order is not an Excuse to Continue Trading

In Alberta Securities Commission v Felgate, 2022 ABCA 107 (Felgate), the Alberta Court of Appeal upheld the conviction of an individual for trading in securities while subject to a cease trade order, notwithstanding though the order was flawed. The appeal turned on two issues in particular: (1) whether an interim cease trade order could be … Continue reading

A broker’s good faith margin call and the consequences of failing to cover margin

On February 2, 2022, the Quebec Court of Appeal confirmed in part Mr. Justice Thomas M. Davis’s trial decision in KPH 11 c. Richardson Wealth Limited (Richardson GMP Limited), 2022 QCCA 148 condemning two clients of a securities broker to pay close to 5 million dollars after having failed to cover margin calls. This post … Continue reading

Proof of a Guilty Mind is Required to be Convicted for Aiding a Person to Commit an Offence under the Quebec Securities Act

At-a-glance In Heller c. Autorité des marchés financiers, 2022 QCCA 208, the Court of Appeal of Quebec (Court of Appeal) considered whether the offence under section 208 of the Quebec Securities Act (QSA)[1], which states that “[e]very person who, by act or omission, aids a person in the commission of an offence is guilty of the offence … Continue reading

The Fine Line Between a Material Change and a Material Fact

Earlier this year, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice (ONSC) in Markowich v. Lundin Mining Corporation, 2022 ONSC 81 (Markowich) denied leave to commence a secondary market securities class action under Part XXIII.1 of Ontario’s Securities Act (the OSA) and denied certification of a common law negligent misrepresentation claim. The decision of Markowich is significant … Continue reading

Consequences from Coin Offerings: Ontario Securities Commission Affirms Cryptocurrency’s Status under Canadian Securities Laws

On December 22, 2021, the Ontario Securities Commission (the OSC) recently released the decision of Miner Edge Inc.(Re), 2021 ONSEC 31 (the Miner Edge Decision).[1]  Although CSA has published guidance on the application of securities laws to cryptocurrency offerings since August 2017,[2] the Miner Edge Decision is notable as a rare example of the regime … Continue reading

Alberta Court of Appeal Overturns Finding that Administrative Penalty Survives Bankruptcy

We earlier blogged here about Alberta Securities Commission v Hennig (Hennig QB) in which a chambers judge held that an administrative penalty levied by the Alberta Securities Commission (ASC) survived an individual’s discharge from personal bankruptcy under ss 178(1)(a) and (e) of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (BIA). This decision was recently overturned by the … Continue reading

Regression Analysis Fails to Save the Day for the Defendant

On November 2, 2021, the Ontario Divisional Court dismissed a motion for leave to appeal the decision of Justice Morgan, who granted leave to the plaintiff to commence an action under section 138.3 of the Ontario Securities Act (OSA) against Canadian cannabis producer Auxly Cannabis Group Inc. (Auxly). The Plaintiff’s Allegations The plaintiff alleged that … Continue reading

From Textual to Contextual: Court of Appeal Affirms the Scope of ‘Public Corrections’ in Statutory Secondary Market Misrepresentation Claims

In Baldwin v Imperial Metals Corporation, 2021 ONCA 838 (Baldwin), the Ontario Court of Appeal considered the scope of ‘public corrections’ in secondary market misrepresentation claims under Ontario’s Securities Act (the Securities Act) and followed the reasoning of its previous decision this year in Drywall Acoustic Lathing and Insulation, Local 675 Pension fund v Barrick … Continue reading

Not-so “Great Offers”: Hefty Penalties for Entrepreneurs Promoting Cryptoasset Mining Contracts Online

At-a-glance In Autorité des marchés financiers c. GO Great Offers Direct Ltd., 2021 QCTMF 57, the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal (TMF or Tribunal) imposed administrative penalties of $50,000 on each of Martin LeBlanc (LeBlanc) and Johnny Martin (Martin) and issued cease trade order against them, Nuvoo Inc. (Nuvoo) and G.O. Great Offers Direct Ltd. (Great … Continue reading

SEC SPEAKS: Enforcement’s Planned Use of Aggressive Remedies

In his remarks at SEC Speaks 2021 on October 13, 2021, the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”)’s new Director of Enforcement, Gurbir Grewal, discussed the waning public trust in “our financial markets” and the “near historic lows” of confidence in banks, technology companies, and big business and the SEC’s plan to combat this trend.[1] In … Continue reading

No Stay of Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal Orders Freezing Bank Accounts and Suspending Rights Granted by Registration Pending Appeal

Alteon Senat c. Autorité des marchés financiers, 2021 QCCQ 7090 (CanLII), (Available in French only)   No Stay of Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal Orders Freezing Bank Accounts and Suspending Rights Granted by Registration Pending Appeal FACTS After having filed an appeal from orders issued by the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal (the TMF) freezing their … Continue reading

The Obligation to Disclose Documents in the Possession of Third Parties: IIROC v. Crandall

In IIROC v. Crandall, 2020 NBCA 76 (Crandall), the New Brunswick Court of Appeal overturned a 2019 decision of the Financial and Consumer Services Tribunal (the Tribunal) in which the Tribunal found that the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) had breached its duty of fairness owed to one of its members by failing … Continue reading

IIROC Panel Rejects Majority of Respondent’s Affidavits at Sanctions Hearing

At a sanctions hearing in Re Eley, a Hearing Panel of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (“IIROC”) (the “Panel”) disallowed evidence submitted by the respondent, Douglas Eley, that was found to amount to “a thinly disguised attempt to re-open the Panel’s findings on the merits” rather than evidence relevant to sanctions (the “Sanctions … Continue reading

The Context of Materiality in Secondary Market Misrepresentation Claims: Miller v. FSD Pharma Inc. Securities Class Action

In Miller v. FSD Pharma Inc. (Miller), a decision released June 23, 2020, Morgan J. of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice granted leave to proceed with a putative secondary market securities class action under s. 138.3 of Part XXIII.1 of the Ontario Securities Act (OSA) against FSD Pharma Inc. (FSD), a new entrant into … Continue reading

Quadrexx Hedge Capital Management Ltd. v. Ontario Securities Commission: First Application Of The Vavilov Standard of Review to an OSC Decision

In a previous post, we discussed the new standard of appellate review of tribunal decisions described in Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v. Vavilov, 2019 SCC 65 (Vavilov) and its implications for the Ontario Securities Commission (the OSC). In Quadrexx Hedge Capital Management Ltd. v. Ontario Securities Commission, 2020 ONSC 4392, the Divisional Court … Continue reading

First Global Data Ltd (Re): OSC requires merits hearing to proceed via videoconference despite respondents’ objections

COVID-19 continues to pose unique challenges to Canada’s legal system, including questions about how the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) will conduct its proceedings.  In a recent decision, a Hearing Panel of the OSC ordered a merits hearing to proceed by videoconference (First Global Data Ltd (Re), 2000 ONSEC 23), despite the respondents’ strenuous objections. This … Continue reading

The Quebec Court of Appeal provides useful guidance as to when a regulatory audit may actually be a penal investigation in disguise

Introduction If you are involved in securities litigation, you know how important it is to distinguish between regulatory audit and penal investigation. If the regulator is conducting an audit to ascertain whether a corporation or its officers comply with securities legislation, it may usually rely on broad investigative powers to obtain documents and information upon … Continue reading

Another nail in PlexCoin’s crypto-coffer: TMF decision affirmed on appeal

As discussed in our previous post, the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal (TMF) had provided clarity in the application of the “investment contract” criteria, first enunciated in Pacific Coast Coin Exchange v. Ontario Securities Commission and codified under article 1 of the Quebec Securities Act, CQLR c V-1.1 (QSA), by finding that PlexCorps’ project was an … Continue reading

Securities Commission Administrative Fines Are Forever

As we discussed in a previous post, administrative penalties levied by securities commissions may survive a discharge in bankruptcy. A recent decision of the Supreme Court of British Columbia (Court), Poonian (Re), 2020 BCSC 547 (Re Poonian), highlights that in addition, such administrative penalties may also prevent a discharge from bankruptcy altogether. In Re Poonian, … Continue reading

Ontario Court of Appeal Rejects “Family Resemblance Test”; Sets Aside Custodial Sentence

On March 16, 2020, the Ontario Court of Appeal released its highly anticipated decision in the saga concerning the Ontario Securities Commission’s (OSC) prosecution of Daniel Tiffin (Mr. Tiffin). The Court’s decision helps clarify the analysis used to determine whether a financial instrument falls within the meaning of “security” under the Ontario Securities Act (the … Continue reading